Are you a proud member of the Cabal of Case Commandos? Let’s have a frank and thoughtful conversation about this.
When I look through PrepLounge’s Meeting Board on any given day, I am struck by a particular sub-set of candidates who, by a very specific criterion, stand head and shoulders above the rest of the pack.
In this specific criterion, they are the clear leaders!
I would even go so far as to say they’re the envy of fellow PrepLounge peers.
Perhaps some of you even aspire to join their ranks?
I refer, of course, to those PrepLounge candidates who have accrued hundreds and hundreds of interviews over comparatively short time-frames.
Think about that for a moment: hundreds and hundreds of interviews.
This means these candidates have consumed hundreds and hundreds of Cases which they can never do again.
I’ll come back to this (which is the core of my arguments today) in a moment.
I wanted to pause and share an anecdote from a candidate within what I’m calling the Cabal of Case Commandos.
This candidate said: “I am aiming to solve at least 200 Cases before my interviews!”
When I probed for the motive behind this, all I could get was that he felt that 200 Live Cases simply represented the right number to crack his final interviews.
Guys, I could not disagree more!
I disagree not only with this magic number of 200 Live Cases as a preparatory pre-requisite, but also just more generally with this mentality that more is better.
I’d like to flip this question around and ask:
AM I DOING TOO MANY LIVE CASES?
My opinion is that too many candidates are!
As we answer this question together, let us explore:
+ the ultimate objectives of Case prep.
+ the limited availability of quality Cases
+ the magic number of Live Cases for a successful preparatory effort
Ultimate Objectives of Case Prep.
In my mind, there are three over-arching goals to doing Live Cases to prepare for final interviews:
- To become familiar with the unique interview format required to gain entry to a career track in Management Consulting
- To develop and demonstrate a superior skill set in problem-solving as it relates to complex questions in management and strategy
- To build up interview stamina across the core assessment metrics to be tested in the final interviews
So, what does all this mean?
By the time most candidates come to PrepLounge, or acquire the leading literature on Case interview prep., or join a Consulting Club at one of the leading Business Schools, they are largely familiar with the Case interview format. It hardly takes more than 3-5 Live Cases to reinforce this.
So, the first ultimate objective (see above) is covered in 3-5 Cases.
Similarly, in the two or so weeks before your final interviews, you likely lean (and rightly so!) towards pacing yourselves with no more than five Cases per week (so, one a day with one or two rest days to focus on other areas of the preparatory effort) in order to keep your problem-solving skills sharpened; your energy levels and interview stamina up; and your tool kit of quantitative ability, logical structuring and synthesis, top-down and client-ready communication honed.
If you’re doing interviews across any number of firms over the course of a month, you can expect to do 20 Live Cases in this final stage.
So, we have 20 Cases to satisfy the third objective, and no more than 5 Cases to satisfy the first objective.
A grand total of 25.
If we go back to my Case Commando, we can then infer that he believes he needs 175 cases to attain and demonstrate a superior problem-solving skill set.
This number sounds waaaay too high to me!
Using the traditional MBA first year recruiting season as a reference for time-frame (a time-frame which I consider to be rather excellent both within and without the formal MBA recruiting calendar), most candidates have about four months (~16 weeks) from Day 0 to the end of the recruiting season. In many cases, that’s mid-September to late January.
If we strip out the first week (focused on objective 1) and the final 4 weeks (focused on objective 3), then, using Case Commando Carl’s objective of 200 Cases, we have 11 weeks in which to crack 175 Cases. That’s 16 Cases a week. More than 2 Cases a day. EVERY. SINGLE. DAY. For the next three months.
My explanation for why this sounds unreasonable is simply that it is quite difficult to extract quality learnings from a 3-month period in which you average 2+ Cases a day.
Preparation via Live Cases transcends well beyond the 35 minutes or so in which the Case is delivered and in which you proffer what you believe to be ‘the answer.’
An anatomy looks more like this:
Of the actual case;
- 35 minutes: the Case is given
- 15 minutes: your Case partner discusses the Case solution with you and provides quality feedback (if you’re Casing with people who aren’t doing this, find other Case Partners)
- 20 minutes (at least): you reflect on the feedback you have received and reconcile it to your own self-assessment
The rest of the time is then spent on noting what strengths you displayed in that session and how you might play to them in future sessions (and, ultimately, your final interview), along with identifying what development areas are emerging. On the latter, you want to clearly understand what these are, seek out further resources to tackle them (for example, if you’re poor at top-down, synthesised communication, you might wish to seek out literature that provides winning tips to excel at this), and develop strategies to improve upon them.
This is an exercise that, in the early weeks at least, would take hours!
You then want to do a final assessment and set goals for your next session:
- how can I be more intellectually rigorous in defining my initial hypothesis and problem-structuring?
- what can I do to be a more effective communicator?
- are there times I have missed opportunities to do sanity-checks in progress?
These are only examples, of course.
If you’re well into your Case prep., you ideally want to go back periodically and say:
here’s where I was two weeks ago:
+ good problem structuring
+ excellent quantitative manipulation
+ need more work on top-down communication
here’s where I was a week ago:
+ getting really comfortable with problem structuring (my regular Case partner who I trust says I’ve gotten better and am the best he has seen among his cohort)
+ still nailing even complex elements of quantitative manipulation
+ still need more work on communication
I NEED TO FOCUS ON RESOURCES FOR THIS WEEK THAT WILL IMPROVE MY COMMUNICATION AHEAD OF MY NEXT BATCH OF LIVE CASES.
Also, what advanced resources are there where I can practice my problem-structuring skills outside of Live Cases. This is clearly a strength of mine. I need to play it up hard!
This process then repeats itself as you go through the calendar, but already, some truth is emerging:
if we agree that the above represents an optimal way to approach the preparatory efforts, it is almost impossible to achieve any meaningful intellectual rigour at a steady clip of 2+ Live Cases every day for three months.
My take-away: an arbitrary (and rather high) number of Cases simply for their own sake will not get you the Offer.
Successfully applying a specific set of problem-solving and communications skills at a consistently high level will.
The key is to approach that high bar through a smart preparatory strategy that is anchored in measurable results that matter.
Limited Availability of Quality Cases
How many times have you done a Case (either Live or simply watched a YouTube clip of a real Case) and thought to yourself: well, that wasn’t a very good case?
In fact, I’d wager that quite a number of you have begun a Case that you eventually found so cumbersome, or so unrealistic, or so lengthy as to be counter-productive to your preparatory efforts that you gave up midway.
I can relate!
We all know an inconvenient truth: the number of quality Cases out there is slim, and the pipeline of new Cases is limited.
I do not have general numbers other than those available to me anecdotally from my own efforts, but, in spite of my monumental effort to source high-quality materials both online and off, I really only came across 50 or so good to really good Cases that positively contributed to my preparatory efforts:
McKinsey Cases: 5
BCG Cases: 7
Bain Cases: 5
Wharton Case Book: 10
Duke Case Book: 5
Rotman Case Book: 3
Case-in-Point Cases: 3
PrepLounge Cases: 4
And once I did these Cases, I could never do them again.
I often came across Cases that I considered a waste of time, and others that were detrimental to my overall efforts. The last statement is important. For if I were Case Commando Carl, my 200 target would force me to waste my time and imperil my efforts about 75% of the time.
Now, I realise the 75% number is questionable (there are likely a great many more than the 50 or so good Cases I was able to find in my time), but the truth is not too far off.
Will you really have access to 100+ fantastic Cases in the period of four months or so?
Is it really wise to burn through good material as you seek to build up your number of Cases ‘solved’ at the risk of running out just as your Case strengths are emerging and you need quality material to challenge you?
I say the answer is No.
Conserve your jewels and use them wisely.
So, before I wrap this all up, what have I established?
- That the finite Case prep calendar does not afford enough time to bring a consistent level of requisite intellectual rigour to 2+ Live Cases a day for a 3-month stretch, and
- That since the number of skill-building Cases does not approach 200, a plan to attempt 200 nevertheless becomes counterproductive (in my case, by what would have been a factor of 3:1)
Before we explore the third and final point in this argument, I’ll point out something else: each Live Case you tackle is only as good as the practice partner delivering it.
Are you sure you can find that cohort of trusted partners (in my time, I was only lucky to find six individuals whose Case delivery I admired, and whose feedback I found useful) who will each administer 30 Cases to you (that’s 180 good Cases if they can find them!) over a four-month period?
Magic Number of Live Cases for a Successful Preparatory Effort
Does such a number really exist?
I have good news friends: it doesn’t!
Do not complicate this already stressful exercise by introducing arbitrary targets that are meaningless.
If you achieve objectives 1 -3 (see above) in 50 Cases. Great!
If you need 90 Cases to reach that comfort level, that’s also great!
As long as you’re conscious of progress and have a clear bar you wish to attain, you will quickly realise as you traverse this path what the magic number of Live Cases should be for you.
Before I conclude on a short list of things you can start doing now to improve your preparatory efforts, I will share some unscientific data I collected during my time as a candidate.
- Of the candidates with 150+ interviews on their profile, 100% of them performed, when solving Live Cases with me, in the bottom half of my own assessment curve based on the complete set of all candidates with whom I practised. I am in no way claiming causation. But from the small sample set (and thankfully, it was quite small), I could see no exceptional brilliance for all the Cases they had done.
- Of the candidates with 150+ interviews on their profile, all but one of them were quite tedious to practise with. Their delivery was very textbook templated, their problem-structuring lacked imagination, and they relied excessively on traditional frameworks attempting to force them onto problems where they did not fit. They also employed lots of business jargon where such was not needed, and were altogether quite tiresome. In other words, they had become Case robots. No Consultant at an actual interview wants to assess a robot.
- Of the candidates with 150+ interviews on their profile, most had gone through every single Case I had prepared for them.
This can be a bit frustrating if you’ve prepared up to three good Cases (which is good practice for peer-to-peer practice, anyway) and find that they’ve done them all. The other half to Casing is to observe others do the same. By so doing, you may aspire to their strengths and learn from their errors. Case Commandos routinely rob you of this opportunity.
This is a conversation.
I have no accreditation to make ultimate claims one way or the other, but I can challenge behaviour that is demonstrably counter-productive to Case prep. efforts.
As you ponder these things (and, hopefully challenge any assertions of mine that lack merit), I would like to encourage you to step-up your Casing game with the following recommendations
- Avoid Partners who have scheduled back-to-back-to-back sessions on the Meeting Board. A crucial component to Casing is to receiving perceptive, useful, and actionable feedback. Case Commando Carl who needs to rush off to his next session is hardly in a position to provide this.
- Hold on to every good Case Partner you can find. In my time, I Cased with over 40 unique individuals. Only six were able to consistently contribute to sessions at a very high standard. I courted these partners by, as much as possible, being available when they needed me, and even developing friendships. 6 great partners are better than 60 crappy ones.
- Guard all your Cases jealously. The good ones are in such short supply. Get trusted partners to recommend good Case resources and try to administer Cases you have already done before ever venturing into Cases that are new for you.
- Set performance targets for yourself and measure your progress religiously over the key metrics that define Case interview success for you.
Good luck and good fortune in the wars to come!