Ideally, the candidate will have a structured answer in key themes. The main options at our disposal are:
Flood protection: This can involve building physical structures, such as seawalls or levees, to protect the factory from incoming water. Other flood protection measures might include raising the elevation of the factory or installing pumps or drainage systems to remove water from the site. The company can also consider modifying the design of the factory to make it more resistant to flooding. This could include using flood-resistant materials, such as concrete or steel, in the construction of the building and installing systems to mitigate water damage, such as watertight doors and elevated electrical systems. The company can implement internal adaptations measures to help it cope with the impacts of coastal flooding. This could include investing in backup systems and processes to ensure business continuity in the event of a flood, or taking steps to reduce the company's dependence on operations that are located in flood-prone areas.
Insurance: The company can also consider purchasing insurance to protect against the financial losses that might result from coastal flooding. This could include both property insurance to cover damage to the factory and business interruption insurance to cover lost revenue.
Relocation: If it is not feasible to protect the factory from flooding, and insurance will not be adequate the company might consider moving the factory to a safer location. This could involve identifying a new site that is better protected from coastal flooding, and relocating the entire factory, or just the critical operations and equipment, to the new site.