In addition to checking on the suggested re-application period (ban period) by the firm, it would be advised to take note of their career growth or trajectory expectation.
As it has been 12 months after your last interaction with the firm, it is expected that your career have grown accordingly, aligned with the growth trajectory expectation from the firm. It is often not sufficient just trying to fulfill the gap to get into the optimal position of yourself in the 12-month prior.
In any case, there's no penalty in trying to reach out to the HR to see if you are allowed to re-apply at the moment.
Hope it helps.
I wish you all the best.