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Recaps the case in the summary

New answer on Dec 11, 2020
5 Answers
Anonymous A asked on Oct 05, 2020


I wanted to know if there is a need to recap shortly the main question of the client, in the beginning of the summary, just before I am presenting my recommendation?



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Best answer
replied on Oct 05, 2020
McKinsey Senior EM & BCG Consultant | Interviewer at McK & BCG for 7 years | Coached 350+ candidates secure MBB offers


Yes you can do it, if you keep it really brief!

A structure which practically always works:

1. Restating the client's question (optional)

2. Giving the precise answer to this question based on the analysis to this point

3. Outline the 2-3 main supporting arguments for the anwer, as well as limiting factors (if appliccable)

4. Give an outlook on next steps to make the recommendation more robust (e.g., checking critical capabilities (give 1 ore 2 examples), checking main risks related to the recommendation (give 1 or 2 examples))

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Content Creator
replied on Oct 05, 2020
#1 Coach for Sessions (4.500+) | 1.500+ 5-Star Reviews | Proven Success (➡ | Ex BCG | 10Y+ Coaching

Hi there,

Repeating the objective is indeed very useful to provide a strong conclusion.

Many candidates don’t do that. The risk is you are going to answer to the wrong question.

As a structure for the conclusion, I would recommend the following three steps:

1) Repeat the objective. This will ensure you are answering to what is relevant for the case. Forgetting to repeat the objective is one of the most common mistakes candidates do in the conclusion and can lead to answer the wrong question. As an example:

  • Our goal was to understand (i) why profits are declining and (ii) how we could increase profits by XYZ”

2) Provide an answer-first solution. You don’t have to present everything you found out in the case at this stage, only the main conclusion and its supporting factor. If the conclusion is not clear 100% as you have not analyzed all the elements of your structure to derive a definite yes or no, you can provide a preliminary answer based on the elements you have identified.

  • After our initial analysis, we found out that profits are declining due a decrease in revenues in division 1 and that, in order to increase profits, with the information we have so far it seems a good idea to enter Market A. This is based on the following reasons:

3) Provide risks / next steps suggestions. You should always have next steps/ risks in your conclusion. You can refer to the elements present in your structure that you did not have time to cover or to risks that emerged during the case:

  • As additional elements, we would like also to consider the following…[RISKS/NEXT STEPS]”



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Content Creator
replied on Oct 05, 2020
#1 BCG coach | MBB | Tier 2 | Digital, Tech, Platinion | 100% personal success rate (8/8) | 95% candidate success rate

Hi there,

Yes, you absolutely can but do so in a concise way! I.e. figure out the shortest, quickest way to articulate it and make sure it segways well and flows nicely into the recommendation.

For example, instead of: "Our client has brought us in the analyze the acquisition of x company in order to improve our profits. Through thorough analyze we have determined that they should".

You should say: "In analyzing our client's decision to acquire x company, we recommend that they move forward. This is becuase x, y, z."

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Anonymous updated the answer on Oct 05, 2020

Absolutely. Don't spend more than a sentence or 2 on it, but it puts your recommendation in perspective. When you do so, focus on content, not on process (i.e. don't repeat what analysis you have done to get to your recommendation).


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Content Creator
replied on Dec 11, 2020
#1 MBB Coach(Placed 750+ in MBBs & 1250+ in Tier2)| The Only 360° coach(Ex-McKinsey+Certified Coach+Active recruiter)

Hello there!

before formulating the recommendation you need to restate the question and the objective.
Try not to spend too much time on that as your answer needs to be precise.


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Sidi gave the best answer


McKinsey Senior EM & BCG Consultant | Interviewer at McK & BCG for 7 years | Coached 350+ candidates secure MBB offers
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